NEW ROLE, IMPORTANCE AND PROSPECTS OF LOCAL HISTORY FUNDS IN TNE INTERNET AGE AND DIGITALIZATION OF LIBRARY MATERIAL

This paper presents local history funds of municipal libraries from the aspect of digitization of library materials. Automated processing of library material and the introduction of machine readable formats created a revolution, like Gutenberg or industry revolution. Libraries were forced to be quick and agile in engagement in new forms of communication – using electronic mail, posting Web sites and blogs, Internet advertising. It was soon followed by the reaction of users spread around the world, and it was obvious that the advantages are indisputable. The next problem to overcome was how to make information accessible to everyone under equal conditions, and then the first step was done which we call digitization and presentation of the library, archives, museum materials etc. According to Simoni Resman, libraries of the future are hybrid; they combine what we call library in classical sense, that is shelves of books, with new virtual library. In the paper attention is also devoted to the requirements, benefits and importance of digitization.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN LIBRARIES SERVING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

The paper deals with the development of modern technique and technology serving persons with disabilities, and also with possibilities of their use in libraries. Some communication devices of the new generation designed for this category of users are described, as well as different types of electronic documents, devices and softwares for reading. The relationship between advantages of the use of information technologies in libraries and the services offered directly by library personnel is also discussed. The important role of the development of mobile, small-sized hardware is emphasised, as well as accessibility of electronic information on web. These are the main prerequisites for development of virtual libraries, which symbolize potential availability of information kept in libraries to everyone.

LIBRARY ELECTRONIC SERVICES

The text reviews new paradigm of library and information services for which the term Library 2.0 is used in foreing librarianship. It was conceived as an attempt to form the list of electronic services provided to library users and to systematise them by types. Some examples of new services were presented, mainly those based upon the operational experience of big national and international libraries.

INTERPRETATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN VIRTUAL REALITY

The first part of the paper is devoted to the complexity of cultural heritage and its interconnections with social, economic and political issues in a given society. The author presents various approaches to her subject including perspectives of architecture, art, history. The problems connected to possibilities, purpose and means of interpretation and presentation of cultural heritage are also discussed. The author further analyzes contemporary discourse of a cause-effect relationship of new media and cultural heritage, that so pretentiously questions the status of original and copy, as well the past-present relationship. The text as a whole is interwoven with discussions of theoretical and technical framework and methodological limitations built-in creation of virtual cultural heritage. The potentials and advantages of new media, but also the unavoidable restraints they impose are presented. Few instances of virtual reconstruction illustrate the process of integration of new media and cultural heritage as a very important present-time issue.

VIRTUAL LIBRARY

One of the requirements of modern society is use of many different media so that they become part of basic literacy. Since the libraries have an important role in the information society, this paper presents the concept and development of a virtual library in order to make the concept closer to those who distance themselves from the use of modern technology for various reasons prefering traditional forms of information. In this way, the communication between library user – electronic source could be easier.

NEW COLLABORATION PARADIGM FOR LIBRARIES: BEYOND WEB 2.0

The Library 2.0 concept defines the user oriented implementation of Web 2.0 technologies in libraries. The use of the latter for business oriented purposes in libraries is yet to reach its full potential, and is developing as a part of the Enterprise 2.0 concept. The paper presents a theoretical basis for both concepts, as well as some of the results of the survey of Web 2.0 implementation in Serbian libraries. Application of technological and social innovations described by Library 2.0 and Enterprise 2.0 concepts is a part of the process of virtualization of library operations. The paper highlights the urgent need for the creation of a new collaboration paradigm for libraries, one that will not only include virtual collaboration with patrons and among employees but also the cooperation within physical space of the library. The importance of the convergence of virtual and physical operations of a library is stressed, and the possibilities for improvement of library operations in the physical world brought about by extensive social innovations originating in the virtual world are presented. In order to further illustrate these aspects the paper introduces concepts of the Solitary Reader and Reading 2.0 and discusses collaboration in the reading process.

PORTALS IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES

This paper considers terminological questions concerning web and library portals and presents their different classifications. Libraries opted for active participation in the creation of reliable information sources at the age of e-science, and it was crucial for portals to be seen as key segment of academic librarianship. The realization of library portals must be preceeded by detailed analysis, but evaluation and refining are also seen as obligatory.

A selection of active portals is presented as the illustration and starting point for the prediction of possible development in the nearest future. 

PREVALENT TYPES OF ACCESS TO SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION IN DOCUMENT SUPPLY IN SERBIA

In this article the author uses the results of a thesis concerning transformation of the Interlibrary Loan and Document Supply in a line of transformation of communication in the system of science to analyse interaction between information technologies, adequate models of scientific communication and corresponding changes in Interlibrary Loan and Document Supply. Document Supply is understood as a specific structure of scientific information and documents, fundamental but hidden, whose evolution, parallel to evolutions of some other structures of information and documents, of which eight is allocated in contemporary theory (Brown, 1996), is monitored from the very beginning of this activity till today.

ON POSSIBILITY AND REALITY – ONE (NON)ARISTOTELIAN READING OF E-BOOKS

The problem of books and reading is being analyzed in the light of changed paradigms of reading and anthropological consequences of new media. Relationship of classical to virtual/electronic is being viewed from the standpoint of Aristotle’s onthological difference between reality and possibility. Prospects and difficulties of e-literature as a literature of possibilities, as well as consequences of dematerialization are beeing examined. By problematizing the term “virtual” and its entities, the author speaks of “new reader’s” fate in the new virtual world.

LIBRARIES, MUSEUMS, ARCHIVES, PRESS CLIPPING SERVICES: PRESERVATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE OR INFORMATION SERVICES

The paper deals with the examples of various opportunities of cultural and information institutions in our community. Emphasis is placed on archives and their cooperation with libraries and museums, as well as the impact of modern information and communication technologies to the realization of that cooperation and modernization of the archives in response to the information requirements of the modern patron in the digital environment. Attempt was made to make a parallel between the traditional and the modern understanding of differences and similarities between archives, libraries and museums. Mass media are considered as a supporting agent of the preservation of cultural heritage that is the main activity of libraries, archives and museums.