Partisans’ Square in Užice, designed by architect Stanko Mandić, opened in 1961. The project was designed in many layers which were deeply integrated into the life of the city. Therefore, it is necessary to analyse the fundamentals that were set before drawing the first line. This paper analyses the philosophical, ethical, aesthetic and sociological grounds which the author defined before he started designing. The paper analyses the following elements identified in the written sources of architects: the habits of the population during reconstruction of the city, inconsistency and disrespect of the adopted urban solutions, urban experience of the population and modern solutions, removing traces of Oriental and European dreams of the population, generators of change in space, architecture as the image of society, preserved and respected cultural heritage, engaging of vernacular tradition in the language of the Modern, local materials, local natural heritage, a new technical approach to design, topography of the terrain as a compositional anchorage, avoiding absolutist atmosphere of the market, appropriate measure of the memorial layer, careful creating of the vision and the atmosphere.