SCOPE OF THE CONCEPT OF CULTURE AND CULTURAL POLICY

The author focuses on one aspect of the problem in defining the concept of culture – its importance for the conceiving of cultural policy, along with the following topics: 1. A Viewpoint: technological globalization – economic and legislative integration – cultural communication; 2. Some moments in the history of broader and narrower definitions and legal instrumentalization of the concept of culture; 3. The case of Serbia; 4. Advantages and disadvantages of theoretical and legislative use of the broader and narrower concept of culture, and a pragmatic recommendation for the use of the narrower term; 5. Culture as a collection of symbolical forms and practices, and a meaningful value orientation in the world and in life.

CULTURE OF SERBIA AT THE CROSSROADS OF THE 20TH AND 21ST CENTURIES – UNFINISHED MODEL

This piece was based on a research, conducted by the Centre for Study in Cultural Development at the end of 1989, of the contents and messages from a big conference held in the same year in Geneva, and on the reactions of the cultural public to the state of culture here and now. Some of the interviews were used from the research titled Future Cultural Needs and New Models of Culture Organization (Kulturne potrebe u budućnosti i novi modeli organizovanosti kulture) commissioned by the Committee for the third millennium of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, conducted with the representatives of cultural public, authors of culture columns in the print and electronic media and members of the so-called representative public: university professors, writers, architects etc. The international conference in Geneva called Pact for Future – Factors to Synthesis of the Economy, Culture and Communication offered a completely new approach to balancing these three important social fields. Finally, in an analysis of the print media in the last six months in regard to the rising discontent not only of the artists and professionals, we have tried to detect the opinions of the cultural public as well as their views on the causes of such unsatisfactory state of affairs. A combination of all this is viewed within the intellectual field concept which, being part of the global social space tends to function as a symbolic space. Incompleteness of culture models is reflected in the lack of a cleaner model that could have prevailed, in which remains of the old model would not be cause of conflict and in which a balance would be achieved among state interventions, free market and main self-organized stakeholders in the intellectual field.

EDITOR’S NOTE