The Hispanic American world and its 20th century fertile literary scene brought to the world of literature a powerful voice of a new generation of writers at the beginning of the sixties who created true masterpieces of lasting value and left a unique literary trail. Occurrence of the crisis of the so-called “boom”, whose protagonists were Mario Vargas Lola, Julio Cortázar, Carlos Fuentes and Gabriel García Márquez, created the “postboom” in the mid 70s. It offered a criticism of previous flows and brought significant changes in the direction of compromised reality, aware of the complex life circumstances of Latin America. In the nineties, this movement was transformed into the “postmodern” and became interested in the experiment, political violence as an immediate reality, Post-vanguard group experience, globalization, mass media and new technologies, which also brought a new approach to the literature. By researching the crisis of literary creativity in the Latin America of the twenty-first century and through exploring a new poetics of Hispanic American writers, this paper will try to point to its ramifications and highlight the new trends, themes and characteristics which formed their own authors, literary critics, scholars and our direct interlocutors.