Text topic: Comparative Situation Analyses
Text author: Вишња Кисић
As a result of transition from capitalist to post-capitalist societies and from economy of goods to service economy, the development of cultural and creative industries is becoming the focus of a growing number of countries. As there is no internationally accepted definition of the sector or tools for its analysis, understanding of the sector and instruments of cultural policies used for its development vary significantly from country to country. Through comparative analysis of the cultural policies of Great Britain, Spain, Serbia and Croatia this paper aims at giving an insight into the different stages of development and support measures related to cultural and creative industries and offers recommendations for further development of this sector in each country. Comparative analysis is based on statistical reports, laws, policies and strategic plans of these countries, and organized in eleven topics that are emerging as key issues for cultural and creative industries: the definition of sector and state policies and objectives related to it; mapping and data analysis; regionalization; inter-sectorial cooperation; education and training; diversity and tolerance; ICT; tax policy; copyright and intellectual property rights; support to small and medium enterprises; and internationalization. Great Britain is an example of a state that seriously analyzes the sector, strategically plans its development and cultural policy measures that encourage it. Spain is a country that has recently redefined cultural and creative industries as a national priority and has largely drawn regulations, measures and models from the experience of the UK. Serbia and Croatia are examples of countries that have not yet recognized the potential of cultural and creative industries and continue to have very traditional measures and regulations related to culture and its development, which causes the underdevelopment of the creative sector.