Text topic: Studies
Text author: Сања Филиповић и Весна Јањевић Поповић
Starting from different curriculums of art faculties and teaching colleges, as well as the competences future teachers gain in their study programs, the impact of various factors is analysed, like the impact of initial education on the level of creativity of teaching and divergent creative thinking or artistic/form-related aspects seen in drawings etc. Established facts are then correlated to the competences of teachers/artists (artists who teach art in schools) and teachers/non-artists (teachers of other subjects) for the realization of teaching and educational objectives, tasks and contents of arts as a primary school subject, as well as to the possible consequences on the creative development of pupils. Research was carried out on a sample of three hundred and thirty-two (332) teachers from thirteen (13) Serbian cities. Characteristics of creative, divergent thinking were monitored based on indicators taken from a standardized research instrument called Modified Creative Williams Test (Tunik 2005), while for the monitoring of artistic and form-related aspects of drawings, a special instrument was created. Based on differences which appear in characteristics of the artistic expression and depending on the initial art education i.e. art pedagogy, statistically significant differences were identified between these two populations, pointing to the need to establish new hypothesis, especially by further researching competences of teaching staff in fulfilling primary objectives of Arts as a teaching subject, and especially researching their impact on creative development of primary school pupils as well as initial education and gaining competences for teaching specific subjects like art.